1 Sleng Teng Riddim (1985)

Sleng Teng Riddim 458 tunes
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Original tune:
Wayne Smith - Under Mi Sleng Teng (1985)

The Sleng Teng Riddim was the riddim that revolutionised digital reggae music back in 1985. Lee "Scratch" Perry started experimenting with digital riddims in the early 1970s, but the groundbreaking Sleng Teng Riddim would be the riddim that changed reggae music overnight. In late 1984, Wayne Smith crossed paths with Noel Davey, who owned a Casio MT40 keyboard. Messing around with it, they created a rudimentary riddim based on the rock and roll preset. Wayne Smith had already written some lyrics inspired by Barrington Levy’s 1985 hit "Under Mi Sensi". Wayne Smith and Noel Davey brought the riddim and the lyrics to King Jammy, who used them to create the Sleng Teng Riddim and the first tune recorded over it; Wayne Smith’s 1985 hit "Under Mi Sleng Teng".

The Sleng Teng Riddim is currently the most used riddim ever. Numerous versions of the riddim were made, for example the 1985 version by Harry J called the Computer Rule Riddim. "Ninja Mi Ninja" by King Kong used this version. Another example is King Jammy's own 2005 relick of the riddim, called the Sleng Teng Resurrection Riddim. This version can be heard on "Dancehall Style" by Luciano.

King Kong - Ninja Mi Ninja (1986)
Luciano - Dancehall Style (2005)

2 Punanny Riddim (1986)

Punanny Riddim 259 tunes
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Original tune:
Admiral Bailey - Punanny (1986)

The Punanny Riddim is another well used digital riddim, created in 1986 by King Jammy, Steely and Clevie. It was first used for Admiral Bailey's hit "Punanny". The song caused controversy because of its lyrics and was therefore banned from the radio. Admiral Bailey recorded a radio friendly version of the song called "Healthy Body", in which he simply substituted all the types of "punanny" he loved for all the types of fruits and vegetables he loved.

Other examples of the riddim are "Needle Eye Pum-Pum" by Shabba Ranks, and "It's All About Cash" by Lady Saw, over a relicked 2000 version of the riddim by King Jammy and Ward 21.

Admiral Bailey - Healthy Body (1986)
Shabba Ranks - Needle Eye Pum-Pum (1987)
Lady Saw - It's All About Cash (2000)

3 Mud Up Riddim (1987)

Mud Up Riddim 179 tunes
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Original tune:
Super Cat - Mud Up (1987)

The Mud Up Riddim was first used in 1987 for "Mud Up" by Super Cat. It was created by Kenneth Black.

Another big hit on the riddim was "Jump Up" by Chaka Demus in 1991, also known as "Workie Workie" because the usage of those words in the song. The version of the riddim it used, created by Donovan Germain and Dave Kelly, is also known as the Workie Workie riddim because of this. A more recent example of the riddim is "She She" by Ce'Cile.

Chaka Demus - Jump Up (Workie Workie) (1990)
Ce'Cile - She She (2006)

4 Duck Dance Riddim (1985)

Duck Dance Riddim 148 tunes
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Original tune:
Little John - Dance Medley (1985)

The Duck Dance Riddim, also known as the Duck Riddim, was created in 1985 by King Jammy, Steely and Clevie. Its first tune was "Dance Medley" by Little John.

Two years later, the massive hit "Duck Dance" by Red Dragon was released. This would give the riddim its current name. Another example is Mr. G's "Guilty Mouth", over a Penthouse version of the riddim.

Red Dragon - Duck Dance (Duck) (1987)
Mr. G - Guilty Mouth (2010)

5 Tempo Riddim (1985)

Tempo Riddim 141 tunes
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Original tune:
Anthony Red Rose - Tempo (1985)

The Tempo Riddim was King Tubby's response to the popular Sleng Teng Riddim. It was created in 1985 and its first tune was "Tempo" by Anthony Red Rose.

Other examples are "Bubbling Sweet Tonight" by Dennis Brown and "Complaint" by Garnet Silk, using a version of the riddim by Donovan Germain.

Dennis Brown - Bubbling Sweet Tonight (1990)
Garnett Silk - Complaint (1994)

6 Revolution Riddim (1983)

Revolution Riddim 120 tunes
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Original tune:
Dennis Brown - Revolution (1983)

The Revolution Riddim was created by Sly Dunbar & Robbie Shakespeare for the 1983 hit "Revolution" by Dennis Brown. The riddim was used a lot over the years. For example by Carlton Livingston for "If This Girl Was Mine" in 1984 and by Jah Mason for "Without Jah" in 2005.

Carlton Livingston - If This Girl Was Mine (1984)
Jah Mason - Without Jah (2005)

7 Kuff Riddim (1987)

Kuff Riddim 101 tunes
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Original tune:
Frankie Paul - Cassanova (1987)

The Kuff Riddim was created in 1987 by King Jammy, Steely & Clevie. The first song to be released on the riddim was "Cassanova" by Frankie Paul. Other examples of songs on the riddim are "Bam Bam" by Tiger, released in 1988, and "Sound Fi Get Kuff" by Shelly Thunder, released in 2013.

Tiger - Bam Bam (1988)
Shelly Thunder - Sound Fi Get Kuff (2013)

8 Poco Man Jam Riddim (1989)

Poco Man Jam Riddim 95 tunes
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Original tune:
Gregory Peck - Poco Man Jam (1989)

The Poco Man Jam Riddim was created in 1989 by Steely & Clevie. The first and biggest hit on the original riddim was "Poco Man Jam" by Gregory Peck. The riddim had some slight reworks in the next couple of years. 1991 for example saw the release of "Nuff Man A Dead" by Super Cat.

Another version of the riddim would come to be known as the Dem Bow Riddim, most well-known for Shabba Ranks' 1990 hit "Dem Bow". The origins of the Reggaeton music genre can be traced back to the Dem Bow Riddim. In 1990 and 1991 a lot of Spanish covers of Shabba Ranks' Dem Bow were made. It is estimated that more than 80% of all Reggaeton music contains elements of the Dem Bow Riddim.

Shabba Ranks - Dem Bow (1990)
Super Cat - Nuff Man A Dead (1991)

9 Boxing Riddim (1981)

Boxing Riddim 74 tunes
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Original tune:
Cornell Campbell - Boxing Around (1981)

The Boxing Riddim is a 1981 Joe Gibbs riddim. It was first used for Cornell Campbell's "Boxing Around".

Another popular song on this riddim is "Yo Yo" by Johnny Osbourne, recorded in 1982 over a version of the riddim by Henry "Junjo" Lawes. This version is known as the Yo Yo Riddim. In 2005, Joe Gibbs' son Rocky Gibbs made a more modern version of the riddim. An example of this version is "I Don't Feel Like Talking" by Johnny Clarke.

Johnny Osbourne - Yo Yo (1982)
Johnny Clarke - I Don't Feel Like Talking (2005)

10 Gunman Riddim (1980)

Gunman Riddim 66 tunes
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Original tune:
Michael Prophet - Gunman (1980)

The Gunman Riddim was produced in 1980 by Henry "Junjo" Lawes. Its first tune was the hit "Gunman" by Michael Prophet.

Other great examples of the riddim are Beres Hammond's "Sunshine And Rain" and Everton Blender's "Sensi".

Beres Hammond - Sunshine And Rain (1991)
Everton Blender - Sensi (2000)

11 Head To Toe Riddim (1987)

Head To Toe Riddim 62 tunes
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Original tune:
Frankie Paul - Head To Toe (1987)

The Head To Toe Riddim is yet another digital riddim by King Jammy, Steely and Clevie, created in 1987. Its first tune was "Head To Toe" by Frankie Paul.

Another popular song on this riddim is "Ganja Spliff" by Admiral Bailey. A more modern example is "Love You" by Turbulence.

Admiral Bailey - Ganja Spliff (1999)
Turbulence - Love You (2006)

12 Peanie Peanie Riddim (1987)

Peanie Peanie Riddim 60 tunes
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Original tune:
Shabba Ranks - Peanie Peanie (1987)

The Peanie Peanie Riddim was created in 1987 by Bobby Digital. The first tune to be released was "Peanie Peanie" by Shabba Ranks

Also in 1987, "We Run Things" by Nitty Gritty was released of a Witty Henry version of the riddim. King Tubby created a version in 1988, for "Fade Away" by Little John.

Nitty Gritty - We Run Things (1987)
Little John - Fade Away (1988)

13 Agony Riddim (1987)

Agony Riddim 50 tunes
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Original tune:
Pinchers - Agony (1987)

Like many of the riddims on this list, the Agony Riddim was produced by King Jammy, Steely and Clevie. It was first used in 1987 for "Agony" by Pinchers.

In the same year, King Tubby made a version of the riddims. Don Angelo's "Computer Seh So" is a nice example of this version. A more modern version of the riddim was used for "Agony" by Dolamite, released in 2006.

Don Angelo - Computer Seh So (1987)
Dolamite - Agony (2006)

14 World A Music Riddim (1983)

World A Music Riddim 49 tunes
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Original tune:
Ini Kamoze - World A Music (1983)

The World A Music Riddim was created in 1983 by Sly & Robbie. Its first song was "World A Music" by Ini Kamoze.

In 2004 Damian Marley released his massive hit "Welcome To Jamrock", the success of that song made the riddim popular known as the Jamrock Riddim. A year later the Greensleeves Rhythm Album #73: World Jam was released, with a reworked version of the riddim.

Damian Marley - Welcome To Jamrock (2004)
Luciano - A Nuh Like We Nuh Like Dem (2005)

15 Chase Vampire Riddim (1986)

Chase Vampire Riddim 48 tunes
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Original tune:
Wayne Smith - Walk Like Granny (1986)

The Chase Vampire Riddim was created by King Jammy in 1986 and first used for Wayne Smith's "Walk Like Granny".

In 1987 "Chase Vampire" by Sancho was released over a Mafia & Fluxy version of the riddim. This version would give the riddim its current name. Another example of the riddim is the 1991 song "Up in Smoke" by Jack Radics, over a Donovan Germain version.

Sancho - Chase Vampire (1987)
Jack Radics - Up In Smoke (1991)

16 Sara Riddim (1987)

Sara Riddim 39 tunes
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Original tune:
Frankie Paul - Sara (1987)

The Sara Riddim is a 1987 King Jammy riddim, first used for Frankie Paul's "Sara". Another song from the same year is "Frankie" by Jennifer Lara.

King Jammy retouched the riddim in 2003, an example of this version is "Love Is The Way" by Sizzla.

Jennifer Lara - Frankie (1987)
Sizzla - Love Is The Way (2003)

17 Baltimore Riddim (1980)

Baltimore Riddim 39 tunes
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Original tune:
The Tamlins - Baltimore (1980)

Sly & Robbie produced the Baltimore Riddim in 1980, for "Baltimore" by The Tamlins. A remix of the song featuring Alborosie was released in 2007.

Another example of the riddim is "Straight Up With You" by General Degree.

Alborosie & The Tamlins - Baltimore Remix (2007)
General Degree - Straight Up With You (2008)

18 Gun In A Baggy Riddim (1989)

Gun In A Baggy Riddim 38 tunes
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Original tune:
Little Lenny - Gun In A Baggy (1989)

Little Lenny was only 17 years old in 1989 when he scored a mega hit with "Gun In A Baggy" over the riddim with the same name, created by Tony Kelly. The song was controversial though. Because of its suggestive lyrics, Little Lenny was expelled from Kingston College and radio stations wouldn't play his song. Like how Admiral Bailey did in 1986 for his song "Punanny", Little Lenny quickly recorded a radio friendly version of the song, also called "Healthy Body".

Other Examples are "Gun Inna Brief" by Lady Mackeral and "Skull Ina Belly" by Commander Shad.

Little Lenny - Healthy Body (1989)
Lady Mackeral - Gun Inna Brief (1989)
Commander Shad - Skull Ina Belly (1990)

19 Rope In Riddim (1980)

Rope In Riddim 37 tunes
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Original tune:
Cornell Campbell - Rope In (1980)

The Rope In Riddim was created in 1980 by Joe Gibbs. Its first tune was "Rope In" by Cornell Campbell.

A fair amount of other versions of the riddim were released over the years. For example "Fattie Boom Boom" by Ranking Dread, a 1981 song over a Sly & Robbie version. Another example is "You Are The Reason" by Wayne Wonder, released in 1994 over a Penthouse version.

Ranking Dread - Fattie Boom Boom (1981)
Wayne Wonder - You Are The Reason (1994)

20 Night Nurse Riddim (1982)

Night Nurse Riddim 33 tunes
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Original tune:
Gregory Isaacs - Night Nurse (1982)

The Night Nurse Riddim is the 1982 riddim used for one of Gregory Isaacs' biggest hits; "Night Nurse".

Anthony B had a song called "Waan Back" in 2000 over a more modern version of the riddim. 2004 saw the release of another mega hit called "It's A Pity" by Tanya Stephens. This song was recorded over a version of the riddim called the Doctor's Darling Riddim, part of the Riddim Driven series.

Anthony B - Waan Back (2000)
Tanya Stephens - It's A Pity (2004)